The Norfolk Island group provides an important link between tropical and temperate oceanic island environments.
The islands are home to 182 native plants, including more than 40 that are only found here. 15 of our plant species are considered critically endangered.
Before European settlement, subtropical rainforest covered almost all of Norfolk Island. Norfolk Island National Park and Botanic Garden now contain most of the island’s remaining natural areas, making them a vital refuge for the island’s native plants and animals.
The magnificent Norfolk Island pine is one of Norfolk’s best known symbols. Common across the island, it can grow as tall as 60 metres. The pine is cultivated as an ornamental tree around the world, while its wood is used for construction, wood turning and crafts. Its seeds are favourite food of the endangered green parrot.