Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park

Also known as the mulga snake or liru, the king brown snake is an important ancestral being.

It has brown skin, a wide head, a smooth snout and the largest recorded venom output of any snake in the world. It is also the second-longest snake in Australia, reaching a length of up to three metres.

Despite its name and colour, the king brown is actually a member of the black snake family. It mostly eats lizards, birds, small mammals and frogs.

The Kuniya and Liru story tells of a deadly battle between an ancestral brown snake and woma python. It is one of of the most important creation stories of Uluru.

Like most snakes, the king brown will generally only bite when disturbed. If you come across a king brown snake at Uluru, keep your distance until it decides to move away.

Scientific name

Pseudonaja australis

Pitjantjatjara/Yankunytjatjara name

liru